In commemoration of the 65th anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, The Topeka Capital-Journal is running a series of special articles examining the enduring legacy of the landmark Supreme Court decision. In the May 2, 2019, article, Deborah Ball discusses the ways that implicit bias, systemic racism, and habits intersect in classrooms to create disproportionate discipline and outcomes for children of color.

“The problem is that we see that even 65 years after Brown (v. Board), the many things that led to this point, that schools are really in many ways just as segregated, more segregated than they’ve been in a long time,” she said. “The patterns that led to, for example, disproportionate punishment practices or disproportionate assignment of brown children or black children to special education, underassignment of those same children to gifted programs, those are all part of larger patterns in which stereotypes and biases kind of reflect through actions.”

Read the article here.